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An Apple a Day …

Daniel David Palmer

A portrait of Daniel David Palmer (1845–1913).

I would like to introduce you to Daniel David Palmer (aka D.D. Palmer), the founder of chiropractic.

Daniel David Palmer or D.D. Palmer was born on March 7, 1845, in Pickering, Canada West (now is Ontario)  and died on October 20, 1913.

In 1865 Palmer moved to the United States, and around 1880 took up magnetic healing in Davenport, Iowa. After returning to Davenport, in 1895 Palmer met Harvey Lillard, a janitor whose hearing was impaired. Palmer claimed the man’s hearing was restored after manipulating his spine.

Palmer developed the theory that mis-alignment of the bones in the body was the basic underlying cause of all “dis-ease” and the majority of these mis-alignments were in the spinal column. In 1897 he opened the Palmer School of Chiropractic in Davenport and started teaching his techniques. Lawsuits followed, and after brief incarceration, Palmer sold the school to his son, B. J. Palmer. B. J. greatly expanded the school and the general knowledge of chiropractic. Palmer moved west, opening several new schools in Oklahoma, California, and Oregon. His relationship with his son was strained after this point.

Palmer died in Los Angeles in 1913 of typhoid fever.

To learn more about D.D. Palmer, I suggest a .pdf outlining D.D. Palmer’s Lifeline at National Institute of Chiropractic Research.

 

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♨ Happy Birthday, Canada!

More important events have taken place in Canada on July 1 than on any other day of the year, but first place will always be retained by Confederation Day, 1867.  This was Canada’s birthday, although Canada then included only Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.

A very Canadian vision by Nancy Rose

© Nancy Rose.
Give someone special a squirrel calendar (I guarantee you won’t regret it!!)
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nancyandwayne/

Most nations were born of adversity, unhappy occasions, often due to war.  Canada was born of diversity, a curious blending of races, geography and economics.

For the most part, her birthday was a happy occasion.  In Ottawa, church bells began ringing after midnight, June 30.  There was also a 101-gun salute, while 21-gun salutes were fired in other centres.  In Saint John and Halifax, however, a number of merchants were so opposed to Confederation that they draped their stores in crêpe!

There was a drab ceremony in the Privy Council chamber, where Lord Monck was sworn in as governor-general by Chief Justice Draper.  After the cabinet ministers had taken their oaths of office, Lord Monck, who hated pomp as much as Macdonald loved it, announced that Queen Victoria had made John A. Macdonald a Knight Commander of the Bath, which meant they would have no titles.  This was a mistake.  Cartier and Galt were so angry that they refused the decorations.  Later, however, they were made baronets.

The rest of the day has been summed up beautifully by W. G. Hardy in From Sea Unto Sea.  He wrote:

The official part of the ceremonies was completed by midday.  Then, across the Dominion, but more particularly in what had been the province of Canada, the people went on holiday.  In Canada East, renamed Quebec, it was flags and bunting and family parties, and a cricket game at Trois Rivières.  Canada West, which had now become Ontario, favoured brass bands, regattas, races, and the like.  In the more remote centres the farmers gathered in the local fairgrounds or picnic places for a  program of sports and a country supper of salads, cold meats, pies and cakes, at tables set up on trestles under the trees.  As the soft July night floated down, the villages, towns and cities were bright with Chinese lanterns on the porches and with fireworks and illuminations.  The people, the inchoate mass without articulate voice, sensed that something of significance had occurred!

Do you like the photo included in today’s post?  Yes, I thought so.  Nancy Rose not only provided us with beautiful photos of “The secret life of squirrels“, which will definitely give you a smile but you can also order a calendar from her (a steal at $22 + shipping) !  I ordered one from her, and I proudly have it next to me, and I confess that I go through it often, just to smile!  Be sure to visit her site at Flickr.com!!

 

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The Honest Grasp of Friendship

Canadian Home-Guard defending against Fenians ...

Canadian Home-Guard defending against Fenians in 1870. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

On June 1, 1866, Canada was attacked by a military force which travelled in two rented tugs and some canal boats!  The invaders were Fenians (see March 17) who sailed across the Niagara River to Fort Erie, Ontario! As nobody was awake, they had to knock on doors to get people up.  They wanted Canadians to join them and be liberated from the “tyranny of Britain.”  The good folks of Fort Erie couldn’t see things that way, but they wanted to be nice to the strangely dressed men carrying green flags with harps and gold crowns on them.  They fed them cooked ham, tea and coffee.

The Fenians had intended to spread out through the Niagara Peninsula after landing at Fort Erie, but they had been up all night.  The weather was warm, and so they lay down under the trees and slept for a while.  The rest of the day was spent in handing out proclamations from “General” Sweezy and “General” O’Neill, saying that their only quarrel was with the oppressors of Ireland, and that they offered Canadians “the olive branch of peace and the honest grasp of friendship.”

Meanwhile, official opinion in Canada West (now Ontario) wasn’t friendly at all.  The Queen’s Own Rifles of Toronto, the 13th Battalion from Hamilton, and a force of regulars from St. Catharines were rushed to the area.  The Caledonian and York Rifles Companies also arrived.  The Canadian troops had only thirty-five bullets each and no food or water.  Some of their commanding officers had no experience in warfare and little military training.

The Fenians suddenly realized that the invasion was no picnic; there were already casualties.  General O’Neill was hoping for reinforcements from Buffalo where 10,000 Fenians had assembled.  They were having a good time listening to speeches and drinking whisky, and did not want to leave.  The United States Government then decided that it had better do something, and sent an armed revenue cutter to patrol the Niagara River.

Some of the Fenians who had landed in Canada tried to swim back to the United States and were drowned.  General O’Neill then shaved off his whiskers and fled in disguise.  The tugs and canal boats came back and took off the rest of the force, towed by the American patrol boat.  The skirmishing lasted until Sunday, June 3.


To read more about this, there are a few sites I recommend. A good place to begin is at CBC Learning, and the History of Canada Book Series to read book excerpt, then there’s another excerpt to be found at Russian Books.org. Another great site with great information, is Fenian Raid. Then there’s the Queen’s Own Rifles for another good site. You will also want to click your way to Ridgeway Battle.

Prefer to hold an actual book to read about this? No problem. There’s The History Of Canada Series: The Last Act: Pierre Trudeau, the Gang of Eight, and the Fight for Canada, and Troublous Times in Canada, a History of the Fenian Raids of 1866 and 1870.

 

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James Mason and the Trent Affair

Someone should write a drama called, “The Trent Affair” starring James (Neville) Mason perhaps (yeah, I know he is no longer with us), because there was a “Trent Affair” and James Mason was a real character in it. Canada became involved to such an extent that the Macdonald-Cartier government was defeated on May 20, 1862.

During the American Civil War a British ship, the Trent, sailed from the United States.  James Mason and John Slidell, southerners on their way to take up ambassadorial posts for the Confederates in Europe, were on board.  A Northern warship stopped the Trent on the high seas and took them off.  Britain was so angry there might have been war if the Prince Consort had not toned down a note sent to Washington by Prime Minister Palmerston.

In the event of war, Canada would have been attacked by the Northern armies.  Fortunately, President Lincoln felt that they had all they could do to defeat the South, and Mason and Slidell were freed.

Meanwhile, Britain had rushed 14,000 troops to British North America.  They landed in winter, and marched to Quebec on snowshoes.  It must have been a comical sight — British soldiers trying to wade through Canadian drifts on snowshoes!

In the midst of the excitement, a bugaboo of many years raised its ugly head: conscription!  The Macdonald-Cartier government called out the militia of 40,000 men.  Many of them were farmers from Canada west (Ontario) and turned out with shotguns and pitchforks, confident that any Canadian could lick seven Americans!

The government proposed a militia bill providing for compulsory military service to raise an extra 30,000 men.  Feelings ran high in French Canada.  Why should they fight Britain’s wars?  In any case the danger was over.

When the militia bill came up for the vote on May 20, 1862, a bloc of French-Canadian members of the Macdonald-Cartier party voted against it.  A new government was formed under John Sandfield Macdonald and Louis Victor Sicotte.  It lasted for only one year, then Macdonald-Cartier were returned.  Strangely enough, Cartier died in London, England, on May 20, exactly ten years after the defeat of the militia bill.

To learn more about the militia bill and Macdonald-Cartier, I’ve found a few places for you to read. There’s the Canadian Encyclopedia, and for a treat, go to the New York Times for an article

English: James Mason Français : James Mason

James Mason (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

reprint from May 29, 1862. You may also like to learn about Sir Geoge-Étienne Cartier at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography.

 

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