Vancouver Citizens Celebrate

English: Engine 374 of the first Canadian Paci...
Engine 374 of the first Canadian Pacific Railway passenger train to arrive in Vancouver – May 23, 1887. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The short route to China, which explorers from Cabot onwards had hoped to find, really came into being on May 23, 1887 when the first C.P.R. transcontinental passenger train arrived at the new west coastal terminal, the city of Vancouver.  It was drawn by engine 374, now displayed in Kitsilano Park, Vancouver, and clambered through every day by children.

Vancouver had only been incorporated as a city the previous April, and was destroyed by fire in June.  Yet, when 374 puffed in on May 23, it had been rebuilt and was a vivid sight with fir arches, garlands and slogans.  There were many rounds of “three cheers and a tiger” for the C.P.R.

Port Moody, farther up Burrard Inlet, was supposed to be the Canadian Pacific terminal and still is officially, but William Van Horne moved the end of the line to Vancouver, to allow deeper berthing water for a shipping service.  The C.P.R. had already made its plans for steamship routes across the Pacific.  The Abyssinia of 3,000 tons had sailed from Yokohama and arrived at Vancouver on June 14, with first class passengers and a cargo of tea.  She had crossed the Pacific in thirteen days.  Her passengers reached Montreal twenty-seven days after leaving Japan.  Things were speeding up in the world! The Abyssinia also carried the first transpacific mail and the pioneer cargo of silk.  For many years, the fast “silk trains” were something to behold, as they roared across the continent with their precious cargo, some to Prescott, Ontario, whence they were ferried to Ogdensburg, N.Y.

Vancouver grew quickly with the arrival of the railway.  By the end of the year its population was 5,000 with new settlers arriving every day.  Two years later it had grown to 8,000, and eventually it became the third largest city in Canada.

An important “first” for Canada, I’m sure you’ll agree. To learn more about this, there are a few places to check out; for instance, a very good place to start is at the Canadian Pacific Railway, for a great article and photos. Other places to visit are The History of Metropolitan Vancouver, and an interesting blog by the Stanley Park, and finally Roundhouse Community Arts and Recreation Centre.


  1. I wish they will bring back the train ride from Vancouver all the way to Whistler. Most of the trains now are cargo trains. I was walking along the tracks yesterday 😛


  2. My (only) sister lives in Vancouver so here we are, one as far east as it gets and one almost as far west as it gets. The cities are so very different yet, both of us would be equally happy in either. Isn’t Canada wonderful!


  3. What a cool image! Of course I start to wonder whether the cargo arrived undamaged. How did they pack the silks to avoid this? That sort of thing. Ah well. It is a great story.


  4. I have an odd bit of trivia about this story: a letter between two brothers (Gen. Sir E.B. Hamley and Wymond O. Hamley) in which the General describes meeting Sir John McDonald on the Mall in London. McDonald passed along the info that they planned to extend the terminus from Port Moody to Vancouver, and advised Wymond not to sell his Vancouver properties yet, as they’d be increasing in value. I have the letter in my papers if you’re ever interested in seeing it.


Let me know what's on your mind

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.