When World War I ended, the privately owned Grand Trunk and Canadian Northern Railways were bankrupt, and the government decided to take them over. An Order-in-Council was passed on December 20, 1919, but the amalgamation was not completed until January, 1923. It included the Canadian Government Railways, the most important of which was the Intercolonial to the Maritime.
Sir Henry Thornton was an American-born engineer who had gone to Britain in 1914 to become general manager of the Great Eastern Railway. During the war he served as Assistant Director-General of Transportation in France. Then a British subject, he was knighted for his services.
Prime Minister Mackenzie King invited him to come to Canada to organize the Canadian National Railways. It’s 22,000 miles of track in Canada and 2,000 miles in the United States made it the longest in the world.
Sir Henry Thornton was a man of great drive and imagination. Before he resigned in 1932, it was said he knew personally every member of the train crews. CN porters were proud that they had talked with him and shaken his hand. Even though there was a great deal of criticism levelled at the railway with its annual deficits, the morale of the CN employees was never shaken.
Sir Henri modernized railroading. He built hotels, acquired ships for coastal service, and Canadian National radio stations to provide entertainment for the passengers on the trains. The radio stations became the basis for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). He even introduced a two-way telephone service on trains like the International Limited between Montreal, Toronto, and Chicago. In all, Sir Henry Thornton spent about $400 million to make the CN of the most modern railways in the world!
Sir Henry was heavily criticized because he built new hotels in Halifax, Saskatoon and Vancouver, and enlarged the Château Laurier in Ottawa. The C.P.R. had enough influence to prevent the Hotel Vancouver from being opened, and it stood empty for a several years. When World War II began, conditions would have been chaotic if it had not been for Sir Henry Thornton’s foresight.
Yet criticism forced him to resign in 1932 and he died soon after.
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